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Bone and Gum Grafting | Dr. Kamil - Dentist in Ottawa

November 19, 2014 | Posted in Bone and Gum Grafting | Be the first one to comment

What is it?

Bone and gum drafting is also called regenerative surgery. A bone graft is used to recreate bone and soft supporting tissues that have been lost due to gum disease. The gum disease requiring bone and gum grafting is known as periodontitis. People who suffer from this disease lose gum coverage and bone support that is naturally found around their teeth. Through the regenerative surgery, their lost tissues are re-grown.


Preparing for the surgery

Surgery is the last step in the treatment of periodontal disease. Before your surgery, you will need to have gone through basic treatment called scaling and root planning. It is also of vital importance to take care of your teeth, and follow basic dental hygiene routine.
Before the procedure of bone and gum drafting is applied, a local anesthetic is used in order to numb the area and prepare it for surgery.

How is the surgery performed?

The purpose behind this surgery is to coax the body into recreating the bone and other structures that help attach a tooth to a jaw. This is performed by a periodontist, a dentist who specializes in diagnosing and treating gum diseases.

Before the surgery begins, the periodontist will separate the gums from your teeth in order to gain access to the roots and the bone. The roots will be thoroughly cleaned and the holes in the bones (caused by periodontal disease) will be filled in with grafting material, which commonly consist of your own bone, cadaver bone, cow bone, or synthetic glass. Usually, your own is the best option. Next, they will be filled in with a physical barrier.

The physical barrier is used in order to cover the grafting material during the early stages of the healing, to avoid exposure for fast healing. They are also a way of preventing the gums from growing into the bony defect. The gums will be put back in place over the treated site and stitched into place once the graft is in place. In some cases, the site maybe covered by a periodontal pack or dressing, resembling a bandage. For the next six to nine months, your body will do its own part by filling in the area with new bone and soft tissue. This reattaches the tooth to your jaw.

Follow-up and risks

In order to relieve some of the pain, you will be prescribed medicine after the surgery and it is of utmost importance to pay attention to your dentist’s instructions. Dental hygiene plays a vital role in the healing process. Make sure to not disturb the site of the surgery. Usually, mouth rinses which contain chlorhexidine are prescribed after a periodontal surgery as they slow down the growth of plaque and kill bacteria. After the surgery, it is possible to experience swelling and bleeding. In the case of bleeding, there is a possibility of infection buildup. When experiencing excessive pain or bleeding and infection, it is necessary to get in contact with your dentist, to avoid further complications.
If you or someone you know is suffering from periodontal disease and may need a bone and gum grafting, get in contact with Dr. Abou-Kheir today. We are conveniently located right on Bank Street here in Ottawa and we will be more than happy to answer any questions you have and guide you through the process. 

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